Antibody-induced receptor loss. Different fates for asialoglycoproteins and the asialoglycoprotein receptor in HepG2 cells

A L Schwartz, A Ciechanover, S Merritt, A Turkewitz
1986 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The human asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGP-R) is a membrane glycoprotein which participates in receptor-mediated endocytosis and delivery of its ligands to lysosomes for degradation. In order to examine the pathways and mechanisms responsible for the turnover and degradation of the ASGP-R we have followed the fate of the ASGP-R in HepG2 cells during exposure to anti-receptor antibody as well as inhibitors of lysosomal processing and receptor recycling. Incubation of cells at 37 degrees C with
more » ... nti-ASGP-R antibody results in the rapid (t 1/2 30 min) loss of mature 46,000-Da ASGP-R (control, t 1/2 20 h). This process requires whole IgG, since Fab fragments do not induce loss of receptor. Furthermore, this antibody-induced loss is specific, since incubation with antibody to the transferrin receptor does not alter cellular ASGP-R content. Of note, weak bases (e.g. primaquine) abrogate this antibody-induced loss of ASGP-R. Inhibitors of lysosomal proteases (EC64 and leupeptin) do not alter this antibody-mediated loss. Furthermore, this effect occurs at 18 degrees C, a temperature at which delivery of ligand to the lysosome is blocked. Thus, the present observations suggest a unique pathway for antibody-induced ASGP-R loss which is distinct from the pathway of lysosomal delivery of ligand.
pmid:3021767 fatcat:xbcndp7wdnbzbokqfgrltinl64