Atraumatic maxillary sinus elevation using threaded bone dilators for immediate implants. A three-year clinical study

JL. Calvo-Guirado, G. Gomez-Moreno, L. Lopez-Mari, AJ. Ortiz-Ruiz, J. Guardia-Munoz
2010 Medicina Oral  
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of sinus floor elevation using sequential bone dilators. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients took part in the study (18 women and 12 men) with ages ranging between thirty-six and sixty-three years, selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, who showed a bone deficit in the upper posterior alveolar margin of 5-8 mm in height. Sixty expanded platform internal connection implants were placed with diameters of 4/5/4 mm
more » ... ters of 4/5/4 mm and lengths varying between 10 (n=10) and 11.5 mm (n= 50). Results: Data obtained were analyzed using SPSS 15.0 software. The average intra-sinus bone gain with MP3 biomaterial of porcine origin was 4.13 +/-0.97 SD mm at the moment of implant placement, 3.90 +/-1.15 SD mm after twelve months, 3.74 +/-1.05 SD mm after 24 months and 3.62 +/-1.75 SD mm after 36 months. Two implants were lost at the moment of prosthesis placement. Conclusions: Alveolar lifting technique in the upper maxilla using bone dilators achieved a 96.6 % implant success rate after a three-year follow-up. Intra-sinus bone biomaterial remodeling was 0.51 +/-0.08 mm from day zero to the thirty-six-month follow-up. This is a procedure that reduces the amount of surgery necessary and is of both aesthetic and functional benefit to the patient.
doi:10.4317/medoral.15.e366 fatcat:cceukzu3lvhdjmawbafxvscidi