Resilient by design: the case for increasing resilience of buildings and their linked food-energy-water systems

Iris Tien, Anne R. Kapuscinski, Kim A. Locke, Andrew J. Hoffman
2018 Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene  
The resilience of buildings and food, energy, and water systems (FEWS) to natural or manmade disruptions are closely linked. The resilience of a building goes beyond the safety of its structural elements and must include the resilience of its supporting systems and the services they supply. The resilience of FEWS, in turn, can increase through design elements of a building that affect generation and storage of FEW resources. In this commentary, I discuss increasing the resilience of buildings
more » ... ence of buildings and their linked FEWS-improving their resistance, absorption, restoration, and adaptive capacities-through new integrated systems design practices. I begin with a discussion of the current state of building design at the FEW nexus. I then use the prior establishment and current use of sustainability design objectives as an analogue to developing and implementing resilience design objectives. I review progress and limitations of specific drivers for increasing resilient design practices, including economic incentives, regulations, extralegal programs and initiatives, and societal incentives. My recommendations for leveraging these drivers to increase resilient design include: for economic incentives, quantify the costs and benefits to make the business case for resilience; for formal regulations, specify increased building requirements with performance-based resilience objectives; for extralegal initiatves, integrate these resilience objectives with existing certification programs and award designs that address FEWS as an integrated network rather than as disparate systems; and for societal incentives, demonstrate public benefit to shift societal perceptions of resilience. Together, these actions will motivate the design of more resilient building and FEW systems to increase their longevity, performance, and robustness. Tien: Resilient by design Art. 18, page 2 of 12 How to cite this article: Tien, I 2018 Resilient by design: the case for increasing resilience of buildings and their linked food-energy-water systems. Elem Sci Anth, 6: 18.
doi:10.1525/elementa.142 fatcat:dwm2r3zsr5huboptpge3a4z6t4