Humanoid Robot: Application and Influence
International Journal of Applied Science - Research and Review
Objective: In this paper, we have summarized the influence of human age and gender on acceptance of humanoid robot and discuss the effect of robot's appearance, physical movement, and usability on human behavior and their perspective towards a robot. The paper also studies the factors that affect a user's trust towards a humanoid robot and observes the possible application and users of humanoid robots in diverse domains. Background: Application of humanoid robot has been well established in the
... established in the field on healthcare and education. It has been frequently used to treat autistic children and has been able to reduce distress level in children who have cancer and cerebral palsy. In the domain of education, humanoid robots have been able to enhance student participation but not learning. Methodology: Systematic literature review was conducted to gather information about humanoid robot application and its influence on human behavior and productivity. Results: Effect of gender and age were found to be the most influential factor that defines a user's perspective towards the humanoid robot. Moreover, robot's appearance and gaze determine users' acceptance and trust towards robots. Conclusion: Children and Older adults prefer humanoid robots. The deterministic behavior of humanoid robots improves autistic condition among children. People with less social networks treat robots as their companion. Humanoids have influenced human productivity in the field of education and healthcare. Key Points: • The Social connectivity of individual influences their perspective towards the use of a humanoid robot. Lonely individuals, especially autistic children and older adults prefer an assistive humanoid robot. • The appearance of the robot influences user acceptance and trust. Users irrespective of their age, gender, and social and health status preferred robots with human-like appearance. • Application of humanoid robot to treat autism among children has been useful. • Trust on a humanoid robot depends on the criticality of the situation a user finds herself or himself. Trust factor increases with a decrease in the confidence of a user in any quantitative decision-making situation. • Humanoid robot in the education domain has been effective in increasing student participation. Abstract & finding based final selection The selected papers were again scanned to make a final list of papers. This was done by reading the abstract of each paper. We preferred any paper that has any connection with education, healthcare, and social. Fifty-eight papers were shortlisted for this study.