Informing Primary School Nutritional Policy: Effects of Mid-Morning Snacks on Appetite and Energy Control

Penny L. S. Rumbold, Caroline J. Dodd-Reynolds, Emma J. Stevenson
2013 Food and Nutrition Sciences  
2013) 'Informing primary school nutritional policy : eects of mid-morning snacks on appetite and energy control.', Food and nutrition sciences., 4 (5). pp. 529-537. The full-text may be used and/or reproduced, and given to third parties in any format or medium, without prior permission or charge, for personal research or study, educational, or not-for-prot purposes provided that: • a full bibliographic reference is made to the original source • a link is made to the metadata record in DRO • the
more » ... record in DRO • the full-text is not changed in any way The full-text must not be sold in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders. Please consult the full DRO policy for further details. ABSTRACT The purpose of this research was to inform primary school nutritional policy by identifying which mid-morning snack would be more beneficial to consume from an appetite control perspective. During morning break 14 girls and 11 boys were provided with 160 ml of semi-skimmed milk or 153 g of apple in a randomised crossover manner. Visual analogue scales were used to record hunger, prospective food consumption and fullness, immediately before and after breakfast, immediately before and after the mid-morning snack, and every 60 min until 21:00 on each day. School dinner/packed lunch energy intakes were assessed 90 min following the mid-morning snacks, in addition to evening energy intake. Children felt less hungry and could eat less when apple was consumed, however lunch and evening energy intakes were not different. Fluctuations in appetite did not translate into differences in energy intake therefore both milk and fruit should be promoted as mid-morning snacks in primary schools.
doi:10.4236/fns.2013.45068 fatcat:obtroaqv6rbchli6cy74urfjki