Health Problems Caused by Violence in Children and Young Adults in Latvia. Summary of the Doctoral Thesis [thesis]

Spriņģe Lauma
ANNOTATION Introduction. The goal No. 16.1 of the UN Sustainable Development Goals aims to significantly reduce all forms of violence. Children are the part of society that must be particularly protected from violence and its adverse effects. To identify and successfully solve the problem of violence, it is necessary to identify the extent of the problem, as well as to understand its impact on children's health and well-being in the long term. Violence is a multifactorial phenomenon, therefore,
more » ... the influence of beliefs and values of family, local community, culture and social values must be considered when researching, interpreting the results and addressing the problem of violence. The aim of the thesis was to assess the prevalence of violence and its forms in the population of children and young adults of Latvia, and its relationship between the risk factors associated with family, health and its associated disorders, as well as to find out the expert opinions on how the child victims perceive the violence, the consequences of violence, and coping mechanisms and rehabilitation. Material and Methods. In the quantitative part of the research data from representative cross-sectional study on the adverse childhood experiences of young adults in Latvia were used. Based on the WHO recommendations, the study tool used was a questionnaire from the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. Overall, 1223 cases were analysed. The frequency distribution, cross tabulation and Chi-Square Test (χ 2 ) were used for statistical data processing. The relationships were calculated by odds ratio, stratified odds ration based on Mantel-Haenszel's method, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and multiple logistic regression. In the qualitative part of the study to find out the experiences of experts dealing with child victims of violence, in-depth semi-structured expert interviews were conducted with psychologists and doctors-psychotherapists,
doi:10.25143/prom-rsu_2017-11_dts fatcat:aonrenmasjaydg4m3scl2ggtcm