Endocannabinoid-Mediated Plasticity in Nucleus Accumbens Controls Vulnerability to Anxiety after Social Defeat Stress

Clémentine Bosch-Bouju, Thomas Larrieu, Louisa Linders, Olivier J. Manzoni, Sophie Layé
2016 Cell Reports  
Graphical Abstract Highlights d Socially defeated mice were clustered into anxious and nonanxious groups d Spike-timing endocannabinoid plasticity was abolished in anxious mice d Elevation of 2-AG levels in the nucleus accumbens restores behavior and plasticity d Endocannabinoid plasticity is a synaptic marker of anxiety following social defeat SUMMARY Chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) is a clinically relevant model of mood disorders. The relationship between the CSDS model and a
more » ... ly pertinent paradigm of synaptic plasticity is not known. Here, we found that cluster analysis of the emotional behavior states of mice exposed to CSDS allowed their segregation into anxious and non-anxious groups. Endocannabinoid-mediated spike-timing dependent plasticity (STDP) in the nucleus accumbens was attenuated in non-anxious mice and abolished in anxious mice. Anxiety-like behavior in stressed animals was specifically correlated with their ability to produce STDP. Pharmacological enhancement of 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) signaling in the nucleus accumbens normalized the anxious phenotype and STDP in anxious mice. These data reveal that endocannabinoid modulation of synaptic efficacy in response to a naturalistic activity pattern is both a molecular correlate of behavioral adaptability and a crucial factor in the adaptive response to chronic stress.
doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2016.06.082 pmid:27452462 fatcat:t5nlsshicrclzabanp7k65mhbq