Social and cultural complex of Рrykarpattya village in the second half the XX century

Roman Vеprіv
2013 Cхід  
Entire description of social-economic operations, which took place on the west Ukrainian lands in the XX century, is fed in investigations of: N. Zhulkanych, H. Kryvchyck, M. Lendiel, O. Maliarchuk,S. Padalka, S. Tym­chenka etc. In this article it was proved that dealing with social issues were achieved significant successes-in addition to improving the living conditions significantly increased the level of cultural and consumer services. Along with the welfare of people were resolved urgent
more » ... resolved urgent issues of everyday life. In this area occurred major changes, in despite of the lagging of the highly developed countries of the world and other regions of the republic - material well-being of the most residents significantly improved. For the development of social areas of the village the most favorable period of the study time period was the second half of 60-70 years of the XX century. In these years were canceled their labor days in the collective farms and was made the transition to guaranteed wage, farmers began to receive pensions and vacations, so their social status equaled to other categories of Soviet society. In rural areas, while in insufficient quantities, were constructed houses for young professionals, schools, orphanages, kindergartens, medical points, clubs, libraries, household objects, baths, shops, cafeterias, administrative offices of village councils, post offices, bus stations, were conducted gasification, telephones. Were analyzed the material conditions of life, they were based on salary, speaking along with gardens, the main source of replenishment of the family budget. Thus, the wage rates of workers, technical staff and employees differed significantly from the meager wages of workers. Minimum income of the rural population involved in the collective and state farms, led to its low purchasing power. Gradual increase in remuneration collective farmers significantly affected the well-being of people. In turn, this gave grounds to confirm the thesis of "parental care" state of rural workers stron [...]
doi:10.21847/1728-9343.2013.3(123).15222 doaj:4d82bf8ac93244059967264a7576666a fatcat:qoarnv4uprat7fp7ctafyzw4ke