A molecular and haematological study of Theileria equi in Balkan donkeys

Dajana Davitkov, Darko Davitkov, Milos Vucicevic, Ljubodrag Stanisic, Milena Radakovic, Uros Glavinic, Zoran Stanimirovic
2017 Acta Veterinaria Hungarica  
Equine piroplasmosis in donkeys has been recognised as a serious problem of major economic importance. The present molecular study is the first investigation of the presence of Theileria equi and Babesia caballi in Balkan donkeys and of the possible haematological alterations related to it. A total of 70 apparently healthy donkeys from Serbia were included in this study. The overall prevalence of T. equi infection in donkeys tested with multiplex PCR was 50%. There was no B. caballi-positive
more » ... caballi-positive sample. Infections in donkeys included in this study seem to be associated with decreased red blood cell count, haemoglobin concentration, haematocrit and platelet count, and with increased white blood cell count, mean corpuscular haemoglobin and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration. Altered haematological parameters in donkeys can lead to a decrease in working capacity and production performance. Further molecular research and long-term monitoring of equine piroplasmosis is needed in Serbia and throughout Europe.
doi:10.1556/004.2017.023 pmid:28605963 fatcat:u7rgdcakqvfgto2gbj4oliicp4