G EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL STUDY OF FORCED CONVECTION AROUND A CYLINDER EMBEDDED IN POROUS MEDIA
THE IRAQI JOURNAL FOR MECHANICAL AND MATERIALS ENGINEERING
An experimental and theoretical study of air forced convection heat transfer at Reynoldsnumber (1091.5 to 1560) around a circular cylinder placed in an iron test section (0.2x0.2x0.4m3) filled with saturated porous material glass balls of 5mm in diameter. A copper circularcylinder heater of diameter 0.015m and length 0.2m is heated electrically; it is located indifferent positions in X and Y direction within the test section. The forced convection heattransfer is simulated using the ANSYS
... ing the ANSYS program (Fluent). The results showed that the surfacetemperature distribution of the cylinder has the same trends for the different locations withinthe test section. The average Nusselt number increases with Reynolds number and heat flux.Also, the results show that the use of porous material improves heat transfer by 67.4%. Themaximum percentage deviation between the experimental and theoretical results is 1.622%.Moreover, experimental correlations were introduced and comparison was performedbetween the present results with the previous studies and it gives a good agreement.