Cerebral Vasculitis in a Pediatric Staphylococcal Meningitis: A Case Report

Dr Md. Nawad Azam
2019 Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research  
Cerebral vasculitis is a dreadful complication of bacterial meningitis leading to significant morbidity and mortality. Pathology behind this complication can be attributed to intra-arterial thrombosis, arteritis and vasospasm. We report our experience of cerebrovascular complication in staphylococcal meningitis in an 11 month old female child. Case Presentation: 11 month old previously healthy female child presented with fever and multiple episodes of seizure. After initial stabilization child
more » ... tabilization child was found to have bacterial meningitis which later found to be caused by Staphylococcus aureus. MRI brain was suggestive of acute infarcts and MR angiography showed ICA occlusion affecting both sides. She was treated with sensitive antibiotics, IVIG and aspirin. Child showed marked clinical improvement and discharged in good health and presently on regular follow up. Conclusion: Although few cases of cerebral vasculitis in bacterial meningitis have been reported before, community acquired staphylococcal meningitis complicating with central nervous system vasculitis in pediatric age group is a rarity. Similarly there is no evidence base recommendation in treating cerebral vasculitis associated with severe bacterial infection with sporadic reports of effectiveness of high dose IV methylprednisolone, IVIG, immunosuppressive therapy etc.
doi:10.18535/jmscr/v7i5.116 fatcat:arqugrnuejdajduhyqia2zr3ce