Three-dimensional hybrid vortex solitons

Rodislav Driben, Yaroslav V Kartashov, Boris A Malomed, Torsten Meier, Lluis Torner
2014 New Journal of Physics  
We show, by means of numerical and analytical methods, that media with a repulsive nonlinearity which grows from the center to the periphery support a remarkable variety of previously unknown complex stationary and dynamical three-dimensional solitary-wave states. Peanut-shaped modulation profiles give rise to vertically symmetric and antisymmetric vortex states, and novel stationary hybrid states, built of top and bottom vortices with opposite topological charges, as well as robust dynamical
more » ... robust dynamical hybrids, which feature stable precession of a vortex on top of a zero-vorticity base. The analysis reveals stability regions for symmetric, antisymmetric, and hybrid states. In addition, bead-shaped modulation profiles give rise to the first example of exact analytical solutions for stable three-dimensional vortex solitons. The predicted states may be realized in media with a controllable cubic nonlinearity, such as Bose-Einstein condensates.
doi:10.1088/1367-2630/16/6/063035 fatcat:35ajen34arck7pnrd2edezbihy