Isolation and characterization of prophage mutants of the defective Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage PBSX

P Thurm, A J Garro
1975 Journal of Virology  
Bacillus subtilis mutants with lesions in PBSX prophage genes have been isolated. One of these appears to be a regulatory mutant and is defective for mitomycin C-induced derepression of PBSX; the others are defective for phage capsid formation. All of the PBSX structural proteins are synthesized during induction of the capsid defective mutants; however, several of these proteins exhibit abnormal serological reactivity with anti-PBSX antiserum. The two head proteins X4 and X7 are not
more » ... are not immunoprecipitable in a mutant which fails to assemble phage head structures. In the tail mutant, proteins X5 and X6 are not immunoprecipitable, tails are not assembled, and a possible tail protein precursor remains uncleaved. The noninducible mutant does not synthesize any PBSX structural proteins after exposure to mitomycin C. The mutation is specific for PBSX since /105 and SPO2 lysogens of the mutant are inducible. All of the known PBSX-specific mutations were shown to be clustered between argC and metC on the host chromosome. In addition, the metC marker was shown to be present in multiple copies in cells induced for PBSX replication. This suggests that the derepressed prophage replicates while still integrated and that replication extends into the adjacent regions of the host chromosome. 10-2 M MgSO4 were used for 0105 and SP02 plaque assays. Nitrosoguanidine (N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-184 on May 8, 2020 by guest
doi:10.1128/jvi.16.1.184-191.1975 fatcat:lxrem55fyfgwjpdvgmdokyrsvm