Phylogeny and Comparative Analysis of Chinese Chamaesium Species Revealed by the Complete Plastid Genome

Xian-Lin Guo, Hong-Yi Zheng, Megan Price, Song-Dong Zhou, Xing-Jin He
2020 Plants  
Chamaesium H. Wolff (Apiaceae, Apioideae) is a small genus mainly distributed in the Hengduan Mountains and the Himalayas. Ten species of Chamaesium have been described and nine species are distributed in China. Recent advances in molecular phylogenetics have revolutionized our understanding of Chinese Chamaesium taxonomy and evolution. However, an accurate phylogenetic relationship in Chamaesium based on the second-generation sequencing technology remains poorly understood. Here, we newly
more » ... Here, we newly assembled nine plastid genomes from the nine Chinese Chamaesium species and combined these genomes with eight other species from five genera to perform a phylogenic analysis by maximum likelihood (ML) using the complete plastid genome and analyzed genome structure, GC content, species pairwise Ka/Ks ratios and the simple sequence repeat (SSR) component. We found that the nine species' plastid genomes ranged from 152,703 bp (C. thalictrifolium) to 155,712 bp (C. mallaeanum), and contained 133 genes, 34 SSR types and 585 SSR loci. We also found 20,953–21,115 codons from 53 coding sequence (CDS) regions, 38.4–38.7% GC content of the total genome and low Ka/Ks (0.27–0.43) ratios of 53 aligned CDS. These results will facilitate our further understanding of the evolution of the genus Chamaesium.
doi:10.3390/plants9080965 pmid:32751647 fatcat:japjds2xxvgdfmrlkcmhw5j5ia