A copy of this work was available on the public web and has been preserved in the Wayback Machine. The capture dates from 2021; you can also visit the original URL.
The file type is
Excessive gingival visualization is a cosmetic problem for patients It is a condition in which there is overexposure of the upper gingiva (> 3mm) during the smile. There are many causes of a gummy smile which includes vertical excess of the maxilla, short overactive upper lip, altered passive eruption, anterior dentoalveolar extrusion, or their combinations The correct diagnosis of all the etiological factors is essential for its correct management. Diverse approaches have been used todoi:10.18535/jmscr/v9i1.08 fatcat:v77v3utxcbbjxhuo4pjseb6hbq