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Major liner shipping companies offer pre-and end-haulage as part of a door-to-door service, but unfortunately pre-and end-haulage is frequently one of the major bottlenecks in efficient liner shipping due to the lack of coordination between customers.In this paper, we 10 apply techniques from vehicle routing problems to schedule preand end-haulage of containers, and perform tests on data from a major liner shipping company. The paper considers several versions of the scheduling problem such asdoi:10.1080/03155986.2016.1149919 fatcat:wd7gy3mmjfguter6nbplkpk5fu