Efficiency of Minimized Circuits of a Heart Roller Pump on Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome and Multiorgan Effects in a Rat Model
Heart Surgery Forum
The aim of this study is to compare the effects of tubing length on systemic inflammatory response syndrome and myocardial protection in a rat model of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) from a histological standpoint. Methods: Twelve adult male Wistar Albino rats weighing >180 g were randomly selected and divided into 2 groups. In 1 group, the pump lines were kept 1 m shorter than standard. The right jugular vein and tail artery were cannulated using a 16-gauge catheter. Animals received 500 IU/kg
... travenous heparin. Cardiac index and rectal temperature were set at 2.4 mL and 36°C, respectively. Total line volume was maintained at 8 mL. A roller pump was adjusted to supply a blood flow of 6 to 28 mL/min (mean 10 mL/min), similar to the typical cardiac output of rats. CPB duration was 15 minutes throughout the experiment. After sacrifice, tissue samples were collected from heart, liver, and kidney for histomorphologic examination. Results: All histochemical and histomorphologic analyses, performed by 2 blinded researchers, revealed band loss in cardiomyocytes, mononuclear (MNL) cell infiltration, and impaired fibrillar organization in the standard-line group. Additionally in that group, sinusoidal dilatation in the liver, low-level congestion, focal necrosis, and periportal MNL infiltration were noted. In the shorter-line group, on the other hand, MNL cell infiltration, band loss in myofibrils, and cardiomyocyte degeneration were rarely observed. Higher liver congestion and lower MNL cell infiltration were observed in the shorter-line group. No significant differences were found in kidney samples. Conclusion: In a shorter-line roller pump test model, less multiorgan damage and fewer systemic inflammatory responses were observed. It may be applicable to keep CPB lines as close to the table as possible, especially in pediatric cardiac surgery cases.