Fracture Toughness of Fresh-Water Ice

H. W. Liu, K. J. Miller
1979 Journal of Glaciology  
The plane-strain fracture toughness of fresh-water ice was measured at various loading rates and temperatures. The fracture toughness of ice decreases as loading rate increases and as the test temperature approaches the melting point. The presence of liquid water seems to reduce the fracture toughness. The fracture toughness for crack arrest is slightly lower than the static fracture toughness.
doi:10.1017/s0022143000014118 fatcat:7hhe45eok5hh3icqdkpavsnwma