Effects of vascular endothelial growth factor on osteoblasts around dental implants in vitro and in vivo

Mengkai Guang, Bo Huang, Yang Yao, Liang Zhang, Bo Yang, Ping Gong
2017 Journal of Oral Science  
Vasculogenesis is a pivotal procedure during dental implant osseointegration and bone repair process. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), regarded as one of the most important vasculogenesis factor, also plays a central role in bone repair, but its role around dental implants is still unknown. In the present study, rat primary osteoblasts seeded on titanium discs were tested using proliferation, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Real-time PCR, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) expression.
more » ... (ALP) expression. Chicken embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) was used to test the vasculogenesis property. In vivo VEGF-coated implants assay was used to test the osteocalcin (OCN)-and CD31-positive cells around an implant. VEGF could significantly promote osteoblasts seeded on titanium surfaces proliferation and secretion of VEGF protein (P < 0.05); increasing of VEGF, VEGFR1, VEGFR2, NRP-1, ALP and Runx2 mRNA expression (P < 0.05); up-regulating ALP expression on days 7 and 11 (P < 0.01). Supernatant of VEGF-induced osteoblasts could promote CAM vasculogenesis (P < 0.05). In vivo, VEGF-coated implants could promote OCN-and CD31-positive cells around bone lacunas. The present study shows that VEGF could induce primary rat osteoblasts proliferation, VEGF protein secretion, ALP expression, and VEGF-related mRNA expression in vitro. Osteoblasts co-cultured with VEGF could promote neovascularization in chicken embryos. In the in vivo experiments, coating the implant with VEGF could promote osteoblasts and endothelial cell expression.
doi:10.2334/josnusd.16-0406 pmid:28637981 fatcat:dv4szcwbjzczzdgdsglxlvcule