Noise-induced polarization switching in complex networks

Jan O. Haerter, Albert Díaz-Guilera, M. Ángeles Serrano
2017 Physical review. E  
The combination of bistability and noise is ubiquitous in complex systems, from biological to social interactions, and has important implications for their functioning and resilience. We analyze a simple three-state model for bistability in networks under varying unbiased noise. In a fully connected network increasing noise yields a collapse of bistability to an unpolarised state. In contrast, in complex networks noise can abruptly switch the polarization state in an irreversible way. When two
more » ... ible way. When two networks are combined through increasing multiplex coupling, one is dominant and progressively imposes its state on the other, offsetting or promoting the ability of noise to switch polarization. Our results show that dynamical correlations and asymmetry in dynamical processes in networks are sufficient for allowing unbiased noise to produce abrupt irreversible transitions between extremes, which can be neutralized or enhanced by multiplex coupling.
doi:10.1103/physreve.95.042305 pmid:28505785 fatcat:zhjlya756fdsxkogrihsnb6loq