Real-time Fuel Truck Detection Algorithm Based on Deep Convolutional Neural Network

Hamid R. Alsanad, Osman N. Ucan, Muhammad Ilyas, Atta ur Rehman Khan, Oguz Bayat
2020 IEEE Access  
This paper presents a new approach by training and improving a convolutional neural network (CNN) based on You Only Look Once version 2 (YOLOv2) to efficiently detect fuel trucks from images in embedded systems. The proposed method considers the entire image area for strong object detection compared with existing methods that only focus on the image area where the class object exists to predict its probability to be in a class. The loss function for CNN is improved to enhance effective
more » ... effective learning, especially when only a limited amount of data is available for training. The class probability can be learned by improving the loss function although the anchor boxes are not in the center of the target object. The learning process of the model can be in a limited range and achieve rapid convergence although the sizes of the initial anchor and target boundary boxes are different. Experimental results of various fuel truck images show the efficiency of the proposed approach under different detection scenarios of real fuel trucks. The detection rate of the proposed method is approximately 4% higher than the YOLOv2 object detection method. The proposed method is suitable to monitor long country borders using unmanned drones. INDEX TERMS Convolutional neural network, CNN, object detection, fuel trucks, you only look once, YOLOv2. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ VOLUME 8, 2020
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3005391 fatcat:ngkgsbyeurbrhiyraogahw4ufq