Distortion analysis of crystalline and locally quasicrystalline 2D photonic structures with grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering [unknown]

Mika Pflüger, Victor Soltwisch, Jolly Xavier, Jürgen Probst, Frank Scholze, Christiane Becker, Michael Krumrey
2019 unpublished
In this study, grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) is used to collect statistical information on dimensional parameters in an area of 20 mm × 15 mm on photonic structures produced by nanoimprint lithography. The photonic structures are composed of crystalline and locally quasicrystalline two-dimensional patterns with structure sizes between about 100 nm and 10 µm to enable broadband visible light absorption for use in solar energy harvesting. These first GISAXS measurements
more » ... n locally quasicrystalline samples demonstrate that GISAXS is capable of showing the locally quasicrystalline nature of the samples while at the same time revealing the long-range periodicity introduced due to the lattice design. We describe the scattering qualitatively in the framework of the distorted wave Born approximation using a hierarchical model mirroring the sample design, which consists of a rectangular and locally quasicrystalline supercell which is repeated periodically to fill the whole surface. The nanoimprinted samples are compared to a sample manufactured using electron beam lithography and the distortions of the periodic and locally quasiperiodic samples are quantified statistically. Due to the high sensitivity of GISAXS to deviations from the perfect lattice, the misalignment of the crystallographic axes was measured with a resolution of 0.015°, showing distortions up to ±0.15°in the investigated samples.
doi:10.1107/s1600576719001080/rg5156sup1.html fatcat:4es5b5jqivgufmmf77pgwhcyo4