Trends in Pathogen Occurrence and Antimicrobial Resistance of Urinary Isolates in a Tertiary Medical Center over Ten Years: 2004~2013

Seung Bok Hong, Jong Hwa Yum, Yong Dae Kim, Kyeong Seob Shin
2015 Biomedical Science Letters  
To provide guidelines for the empirical treatment of urinary tract infections, we observed annual changes in the occurrence frequency and antimicrobial susceptibility of urinary isolates in a university hospital in the Chungbuk province, South Korea, over a period of 10 years (2004~2013). Escherichia coli (38.2%), Enterococcus faecalis (11.7%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (7.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4.3%), E. faecium (4.3%), and Staphylococcus aureus (4.1%) were commonly isolated urinary
more » ... ed urinary pathogens. The prevalence of E. coli, E. faecium and Streptococcus agalactiae were significantly higher in females (P < 0.001), whereas E. faecalis, P. aeruginosa and S. aureus were significantly more common in male patients (P < 0.001). E. coli mostly frequently showed resistance to ampicillin (67.94%), followed by trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (36.06%) and ciprofloxacin (26.84%). Over the studied time period, resistance rates of E. coli to ciprofloxacin significantly increased (20.44% to 33.55%). Moreover, extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing isolates also significantly increased in E. coli (4.2% to 18.3%) and K. pneumoniae (9.6% to 26.9%). In addition, the proportion of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus facium (VRE) also increased (15.7% to 25.0%). In conclusion, over the last 10 years, the proportions of ciprofloxacin resistant E. coli and multidrug-resistant bacteria, such as ESBL and VRE have significantly increased. This trend must be strictly controlled and demonstrates the need for more updated guidelines for the treatment of urinary tract infections.
doi:10.15616/bsl.2015.21.2.84 fatcat:4ww7ht4djfa37oyrnayzoyzoe4