A scalable double in-memory checkpoint and restart scheme towards exascale

Gengbin Zheng, Xiang Ni, Laxmikant V. Kale
2012 IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks Workshops (DSN 2012)  
As the size of supercomputers increases, the probability of system failure grows substantially, posing an increasingly significant challenge for scalability. It is important to provide resilience for long running applications. Checkpoint-based fault tolerance methods are effective approaches at dealing with faults. With these methods, the state of the entire parallel application is checkpointed to reliable storage. When a failure occurs, the application is restarted from a recent checkpoint. In
more » ... previous work, we have demonstrated an efficient double in-memory checkpoint and restart fault tolerance scheme, which leverages Charm++'s parallel objects for checkpointing. In this paper, we further optimize the scheme by eliminating several bottlenecks caused by serialized communication. We extend the in-memory checkpointing scheme to work on MPI communication layer, and demonstrate the performance on very large scale supercomputers. For example, when running a million atom molecular dynamics simulation on up to 64K cores of a BlueGene/P machine, the checkpoint time was in milliseconds. The restart times were measured to be less than 0.15 seconds on 64K cores.
doi:10.1109/dsnw.2012.6264677 dblp:conf/dsn/ZhengNK12 fatcat:p56cp4bohzh7jli3rrfvtkb4sy