UKF-Based Observer Design for the Electric Brake Booster in Situations of Disturbance

Mingming Mei, Shuo Cheng, Liang Li, Hongyuan Mu, Yuxuan Pei
2023 Actuators  
The motor-driven electric brake booster (E-Booster) can replace the traditional vacuum booster to realize the braking power assistance and active braking. Independent of extra sensors, this paper proposes a full-state observer for E-Booster based on Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) in the presence of a driver's input force disturbance. The electro-hydraulic system is first modeled, which includes a nonlinear hydraulic model and the reaction disk's rubber model. The pre-compression is designed to
more » ... oduce linear power assistance based on the properties of rubber material. With the existence of the disturbance, the linear quadratic regulator (LQR) algorithm is used to track the pre-compression of the reaction disk so that E-Booster is developed into a closed-loop system to achieve power assistance. The proposed UKF observer can online estimate the states considering the controller input and disturbance input. To reduce the process error, the hydraulic p-V characteristic is fitted using the recursive least squares (RLS) method before observation. Furthermore, the simulation test and vehicle tests are performed to validate the observation effect. In the closed-loop test, UKF decreases residual error by 16% when compared to the typical Extended Kalman Filter (EKF). The simulation results remain consistent with the experimental results, demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed method.
doi:10.3390/act12030094 fatcat:cos2vfwfifc3blith5ycnnv2cu