Distribution of different morphological types of anterior epitympanic plate "cog" and Köerner's septum in CT images of cholesteatomatous and non-cholesteatomatous CSOM: is it really significant?
The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
Background The anterior epitympanic plate (cog) and Köerner's septum are gaining more importance since the introduction of transcanal mastoidectomy as these anatomical structures are serving landmarks for the attic. Moreover, different morphological types of cog and Köerner's septum revealed embryological relation to the development of the isthmic membrane; the latter is linked to aeration of the attic and thus affects the pathological development of the cholesteatoma. Results A retrospective
... view of CT images of 86 patients proved by surgical biopsies revealed: 49 cholesteatomas and 37 non-cholesteatomatous CSOM. The type-I "cog" had a higher incidence (n = 40) and was statistically more prevalent in non-cholesteatomatous CSOM (n = 30, 81.1%). Type-II was the second commonest and was statistically more prevalent in cholesteatomatous CSOM (n = 22, 44.9%). Type-III was the third commonest, seen in (n = 18, 20.9%) and was statistically more prevalent in cholesteatomatous CSOM (n = 17, 34.7%). Köerner's septum was more prevalent in non-cholesteatomatous CSOM (70.3%) with statistical significance (p value = 0.002). Conclusions The difference in the distribution of different morphological types of anterior epitympanic plate "cog," as well as the difference in Köerner's septum existence amongst cholesteatomatous and non-cholesteatomatous CSOM are suggested as risk factors for the development of cholesteatoma and may predict a cholesteatoma on CT images.