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Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology
Synonyms Ventral tegmental area Definition The ventral tegmental area (VTA) is comprised of multiple nuclei and is located in the mesencephalon, dorsomedial to the substantia nigra and ventral to the red nucleus. The VTA is comprised of dopamine, glutamate, and GABA neurons and is an essential component of both the mesolimbic pathway and the mesocortical pathway. Current Knowledge The mesolimbic dopamine projection from the VTA to the nucleus accumbens has been implicated in motivation,doi:10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_373-2 fatcat:uyi5mswvpbbe5bvo4bp6imr6wu