Modelling and Parameterizing Pedestrian Behaviour in Public Places: A Review

M. Zsifkovits, T. S. Pham
2016 International Journal of Simulation Modelling  
Literature and practice show a huge interest in modelling pedestrian behaviour, especially in public spaces. The most relevant applications are thereby traffic control, safety, and public security. Understanding the existing frameworks and finding possible measures and parameters for the models are a prerequisite to build a realistic model but very challenging. A literature review was conducted to collect, discuss and compare well-known and frequently cited models in order to derive
more » ... for future models. The models were analysed from multiple points of view, namely the abstraction level, environment space, and behaviour types. Their parameterization was considered on both levels: microscopic and macroscopic. Advantages and disadvantages, difficulties and solution approaches of existing models were studied and discussed. Also, the data foundation is discussed, as a model should not only depend on artificial data and assumptions, which might lightly represent the subjective opinion of the model builder. Some technical approaches are proposed to overcome this difficulty. An analysis of various publications brings a structural and detailed perception about modelling pedestrian behaviour in crowds.
doi:10.2507/ijsimm16(4)6.399 fatcat:esqipzgk7bbzpend4pxrfewfmu