Similarity Learning with Higher-Order Graph Convolutions for Brain Network Analysis [article]

Guixiang Ma, Nesreen K. Ahmed, Ted Willke, Dipanjan Sengupta, Michael W. Cole, Nicholas B. Turk-Browne, Philip S. Yu
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Learning a similarity metric has gained much attention recently, where the goal is to learn a function that maps input patterns to a target space while preserving the semantic distance in the input space. While most related work focused on images, we focus instead on learning a similarity metric for neuroimages, such as fMRI and DTI images. We propose an end-to-end similarity learning framework called Higher-order Siamese GCN for multi-subject fMRI data analysis. The proposed framework learns
more » ... e brain network representations via a supervised metric-based approach with siamese neural networks using two graph convolutional networks as the twin networks. Our proposed framework performs higher-order convolutions by incorporating higher-order proximity in graph convolutional networks to characterize and learn the community structure in brain connectivity networks. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first community-preserving similarity learning framework for multi-subject brain network analysis. Experimental results on four real fMRI datasets demonstrate the potential use cases of the proposed framework for multi-subject brain analysis in health and neuropsychiatric disorders. Our proposed approach achieves an average AUC gain of 75% compared to PCA, an average AUC gain of 65.5% compared to Spectral Embedding, and an average AUC gain of 24.3% compared to S-GCN across the four datasets, indicating promising application in clinical investigation and brain disease diagnosis.
arXiv:1811.02662v5 fatcat:aovkttg67ffm5gtprk57tlqdpq