مشکل أحادیث أحکام ثبوت شهر الصیام ووجوبه

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2018 حولیة کلیة الدراسات الإسلامیة بنین بأسوان  
 ‫ر‬‫ا‬ ‫إ‪‬اد‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻢ‬ -‫ﻭﺍﻷﻧﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺋﻒ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ٧٤٨   ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬‫را‬‫ا‬   ‫ا‪‬ول‬ ‫د‬‫ا‬  ‫‪‬ان‬ ‫وو‬ ‫ا‬  ‫ت‬ ‫أ‬ ‫د‬‫أ‬  ٧٤٩   ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬‫را‬‫ا‬   ‫ا‪‬ول‬ ‫د‬‫ا‬  ‫‪‬ان‬ ‫وو‬ ‫ا‬  ‫ت‬ ‫أ‬ ‫د‬‫أ‬  ) ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺮﰊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺨﺺ‬ ( ‫اﻟﺑﺣث‬ ‫ﻋﻧوان‬ : ‫ووﺟوب‬ ‫رﻣﺿﺎن‬ ‫ﺷﮭر‬ ‫ﺛﺑوت‬ ‫أﺣﻛﺎم‬ ‫أﺣﺎدﯾث‬ ‫ﻣﺷﻛل‬ ‫اﻟﺻﯾﺎم‬ .
more » ... ﻛل‬ ‫اﻟﺻﯾﺎم‬ . ‫اﻟﺑﺎﺣث‬ ‫اﺳم‬ : ‫ﻣط‬ ‫ﺑن‬ ‫طﻠق‬ ‫ﺑن‬ ‫ﻋﻣر‬ ‫اﻟروﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﻠق‬ . ‫اﻟﺑﺣث‬ ‫ﯾﮭدف‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻧﺑوﯾ‬ ‫ﺳﻧﺔ‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﺧدﻣﺔ‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ، ‫ﺎ‬ ‫أﺣﻛﺎﻣﮭ‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ﺑﻌ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻛﺎل‬ ‫اﻹﺷ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ودﻓ‬ ‫ﺻﯾﺎم‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﺎب‬ ‫ﻛﺗ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻛﺎل‬ ‫واﻹﺷ‬ ‫ﺎرض‬ ‫اﻟﺗﻌ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ظﺎھرھ‬ ‫وھم‬ ‫ﯾ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺗ‬ ، ‫ﺎن‬ ‫أرﻛ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫راﺑ‬ ‫ﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﻌظ‬ ‫ﮫ‬ ‫ﻣﺑﺎﻧﯾ‬ ‫د‬ ‫وأﺣ‬ ‫ﻼم‬ ‫اﻹﺳ‬ ، ‫ﯾم‬ ‫وﺗﻌظ‬ ‫دﯾس‬ ‫ﺗﻘ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ث‬ ‫اﻟﺑﺎﺣ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﯾرﺑ‬ ‫و‬ ‫وھ‬ ‫اﻟوﺣﻲ‬ ، ‫ﻋﻠﯾﮫ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻣﺎء‬ ‫أﺛﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺑﺎب‬ ‫ﺑﺣث‬ ‫وھو‬ ، ‫اﻹ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﯾﺛري‬ ‫ﺳﻼﻣﯾﺔ‬ . ‫ﺿﺎ‬ ‫أﯾ‬ ‫ث‬ ‫اﻟﺑﺣ‬ ‫دف‬ ‫وﯾﮭ‬ ً ‫ﺻﯾﺎم‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫أھﻣﯾ‬ ‫راز‬ ‫إﺑ‬ ‫ﻰ‬ ‫إﻟ‬ ، ‫ﺷروﻋﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺣﻛﻣ‬ ، ‫ﻓﻘﮭﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﺛﻣرة‬ ‫ﻋﻠﯾﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﯾﺗرﺗب‬ ‫اﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺷﻛﻠﺔ‬ ‫أﺣﻛﺎﻣﮫ‬ ‫ﺑﻌض‬ ‫وﻣﻧﺎﻗﺷﺔ‬ . ‫ﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺣﻧﻔﯾ‬ ‫ور‬ ‫اﻟﺟﻣﮭ‬ ‫ﯾن‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻓﯾﮫ‬ ‫واﻟﺧﻼف‬ ‫وأﻧواﻋﮫ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺷﻛل‬ ‫ﺣﻘﯾﻘﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺑﺣث‬ ‫وﯾﺑﯾن‬ ، ‫دﻓﻌﮫ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻣﺎء‬ ‫وﻣﻧﮭﺞ‬ . ‫ﻗﺿﺎﯾﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺑﺣث‬ ‫وﯾطرح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وت‬ ‫ﺛﺑ‬ ‫ﺎم‬ ‫ﺑﺄﺣﻛ‬ ‫ﺗﺗﻌﻠق‬ ‫ﺻﯾﺎم‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫وب‬ ‫ووﺟ‬ ‫ﺷﮭر‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ، ‫م‬ ‫ﻛﺣﻛ‬ ‫ﺑﺻﯾﺎم‬ ‫رﻣﺿﺎن‬ ‫ﺳﺑق‬ ، ‫اﻟﻣطﺎﻟﻊ‬ ‫واﺧﺗﻼف‬ ، ‫ﺷك‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫وم‬ ‫ﯾ‬ ‫ﯾﺎم‬ ‫وﺻ‬ . ‫ﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻧﯾ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫وﺗﺑﯾﯾ‬ ‫اﻟﺻﯾﺎم‬ ‫ﻟﯾﻠﺔ‬ . ‫واﻟﺗوﺻﯾﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻧﺗﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫أھم‬ ‫ﺿﻣﻧﺗﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺗﻣﺔ‬ ‫وﺿﻌت‬ ‫اﻟﺑﺣث‬ ‫ﻧﮭﺎﯾﺔ‬ ‫وﻓﻲ‬ . ) ‫اﻟﺑﺣث‬ ‫أھداف‬ ( ١ -‫ﺻﯾﺎم‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫ـﺎدﯾث‬ ‫أﺣ‬ ‫ﺷﻛل‬ ‫ﺑﻣ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺗﻌﻠﻘ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﮭﯾ‬ ‫ﺎم‬ ‫اﻷﺣﻛ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﺟﻣ‬ ، ‫ـﮫ‬ ‫وﺟ‬ ‫ـﯾﺎن‬ ‫وﺑ‬ ‫إﺷﻛﺎﻟﮭﺎ‬ ، ‫اﻟﺟ‬ ‫ﺛـم‬ ‫وﻣن‬ ‫اﻹﺷﻛﺎل‬ ‫ﻋن‬ ‫ــواب‬ . ٢ -‫ﺎ‬ ‫وﺣﺟﯾﺗﮭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻧﺑوﯾ‬ ‫اﻟﺳﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻛﺎﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻌزﯾز‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺎھﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﱡ‬ ، ‫ﯾن‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺛﻘ‬ ‫ﯾﺦ‬ ‫وﺗرﺳ‬ ‫واﻟﻔﻘﮭﺎء‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺣدﺛﯾن‬ ‫ﻣﻧﮭﺞ‬ . ٣ -‫ﺷﻛل‬ ‫ﺑﻣ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺗﻌﻠﻘ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﮭﯾ‬ ‫ﺎم‬ ‫اﻷﺣﻛ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫اﻟﺗﻌﺎﻣ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎء‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻣ‬ ‫ﻧﮭﺞ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎن‬ ‫ﺑﯾ‬ ‫اﻟﺣدﯾث‬ .      ٧٥٠   ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬‫را‬‫ا‬   ‫ا‪‬ول‬ ‫د‬‫ا‬  ‫‪‬ان‬ ‫وو‬ ‫ا‬  ‫ت‬ ‫أ‬ ‫د‬‫أ‬  ) ‫ﺑﺎﻻﳒﻠﻴﺰﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺨﺺ‬ ( Title of research: The problem of the hadiths of the provisions of the month of Ramadan and the need for fasting. Researcher name: Omar Talaq Mutlaq Al Ruqi. Summary: The research aims to reinforce Al Sunnah and solving the problems of some of its rules which apparently delude the collision and the problematic in the book of fasting, Islam's fourth elements and one of its mainstays. It makes the researcher sanctify the revelation, in addition to its being a research in a useful stream praised by scientists and enriching the Islamic library. The research aims also to show the importance of fasting, and the point of its legitimacy, and discussing some of its problematic rules that result in an effect of jurisprudence. The research also shows the reality of the problem and its types, in addition to the variety between Aljumhour and Alhanafi, and the scientists methodology in pushing it away. The research raises issues. The rules of declaring the beginning of Ramadan and fasting, i.e. the antecedence of fasting before its date, moon sighting differences, and fasting the "Day of Doubt", in addition ٧٥٣   ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬‫را‬‫ا‬   ‫ا‪‬ول‬ ‫د‬‫ا‬  ‫‪‬ان‬ ‫وو‬ ‫ا‬  ‫ت‬ ‫أ‬ ‫د‬‫أ‬  ‫وﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎرﺿﻬﲈ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮن‬ ‫أﲨﻊ‬ ‫دﻟﻴﻠﲔ‬ ‫اﻟﻮﻗﻮف‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ‬ ، ‫ﻛﺎن‬ ‫ﳌﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ‬ ‫اﻷدﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﺎرض‬ ‫أﻣﻜﻦ‬ ‫اﳋﻄﺄ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺼﻮﻣﲔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫اﳌﺠﺘﻬﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫أﻓﺮاد‬ ١ " ، ‫ﺑﻀﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫أﻧﻔﺲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫رأﻳﺖ‬ ‫وﳌﺎ‬ ، ‫ﲡـﺎرة‬ ‫أﻓﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﻃﻠﺒﻪ‬ ‫أن‬ ‫أﻳﻘﻨﺖ‬ ، ‫وﻣـﺎل‬ ‫ﻧﻔﴘ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺎﻗﺖ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻔﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺒﻲ‬  . ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎري‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻗﻊ‬ : " ‫اﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﻬﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﺣﻜﺎم‬ ‫ﺑﻤﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﻮ‬ ‫أﺣﺎدﻳﺚ‬ ‫ووﺟﻮﺑﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻴﺎم‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ت‬ " . ٧٥٧   ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬‫را‬‫ا‬   ‫ا‪‬ول‬ ‫د‬‫ا‬  ‫‪‬ان‬ ‫وو‬ ‫ا‬  ‫ت‬ ‫أ‬ ‫د‬‫أ‬  ٧٥٩   ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬‫را‬‫ا‬   ‫ا‪‬ول‬ ‫د‬‫ا‬  ‫‪‬ان‬ ‫وو‬ ‫ا‬  ‫ت‬ ‫أ‬ ‫د‬‫أ‬  ٧٦١   ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬‫را‬‫ا‬   ‫ا‪‬ول‬ ‫د‬‫ا‬  ‫‪‬ان‬ ‫وو‬ ‫ا‬  ‫ت‬ ‫أ‬ ‫د‬‫أ‬  ٧٦٧   ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬‫را‬‫ا‬   ‫ا‪‬ول‬ ‫د‬‫ا‬  ‫‪‬ان‬ ‫وو‬ ‫ا‬  ‫ت‬ ‫أ‬ ‫د‬‫أ‬  ٧٦٨   ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬‫را‬‫ا‬   ‫ا‪‬ول‬ ‫د‬‫ا‬  ‫‪‬ان‬ ‫وو‬ ‫ا‬  ‫ت‬ ‫أ‬ ‫د‬‫أ‬  ٧٧٢   ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬‫را‬‫ا‬   ‫ا‪‬ول‬ ‫د‬‫ا‬  ‫‪‬ان‬ ‫وو‬ ‫ا‬  ‫ت‬ ‫أ‬ ‫د‬‫أ‬ 
doi:10.21608/fisb.2018.26623 fatcat:xyii3xgkhrbwfg6vd7nqczxuye