ПРОБЛЕМА ТРАНСЦЕНДЕНТАЛЬНОГО СУБЪЕКТА В ФИЛОСОФИИ И. КАНТА

З. Г. Эфендиева
2020
The purpose of this article is to determine the specifics of Kant's transcendental subject in modern scientific knowledge. For this purpose, first of all, the identification and disclosure of the essence of the main meaning of the concept "transcendental subject" in Kant's philosophy is made. Secondly, the relevance of the concept of a transcendental subject, as stated in the theoretical philosophy of I. Kant, to a particular historical and philosophical meaning of the concept of "subject"is
more » ... t of "subject"is determined. In the printed works of the thinker, this concept is used, apparently, only in the "Critique of pure reason", and it is quite rare to find it in the drafts to the first "Critique", where it is paired with the concept of"transcendental object". The novelty of this research consists in demonstrating that the widespread epistemological interpretation of Kant's transcendental subject is not obvious. As a result of the research, it is possible to identify the following versions of the interpretation of the transcendental subject: ontological and epistemological. It is determined that the transcendental subject, in the terms that I. Kant writes about It, is closest to the ontological interpretation and in relation to the field of epistemology seems to be superfluous.
doi:10.34708/gstou.2020.26.61.008 fatcat:iqswjzegcbbrfb6p3p6fjqdme4