Model-based sequential organization in cochannel speech

Yang Shao, DeLiang Wang
2006 IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing  
A human listener has the ability to follow a speaker's voice while others are speaking simultaneously; in particular, the listener can organize the time-frequency energy of the same speaker across time into a single stream. In this paper, we focus on sequential organization in cochannel speech, or mixtures of two voices. We extract minimally corrupted segments, or usable speech, in cochannel speech using a robust multipitch tracking algorithm. The extracted usable speech is shown to capture
more » ... ker characteristics and improves speaker identification (SID) performance across various target-to-interferer ratios. To utilize speaker characteristics for sequential organization, we extend the traditional SID framework to cochannel speech and derive a joint objective for sequential grouping and SID, leading to a problem of search for the optimum hypothesis. Subsequently we propose a hypothesis pruning algorithm based on speaker models in order to make the search computationally efficient. Evaluation results show that the proposed system approaches the ceiling SID performance obtained with prior pitch information and yields significant improvement over alternative approaches to sequential organization.
doi:10.1109/tsa.2005.854106 fatcat:d22usgavvvc4rlnskoofpfhw2a