Peroxidase and Phosphatase Activity of Active-site Mutants of Vanadium Chloroperoxidase from the FungusCurvularia inaequalis
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Mutation studies were performed on active-site residues of vanadium chloroperoxidase from the fungus Curvularia inaequalis, an enzyme which exhibits both haloperoxidase and phosphatase activity and is related to glucose-6-phosphatase. The effects of mutation to alanine on haloperoxidase activity were studied for the proposed catalytic residue His-404 and for residue Asp-292, which is located close to the vanadate cofactor. The mutants were strongly impaired in their ability to oxidize chloride
... ut still oxidized bromide, although they inactivate during turnover. The effects on the optical absorption spectrum of vanadium chloroperoxidase indicate that mutant H404A has a reduced affinity for the cofactor, whereas this affinity is unchanged in mutant D292A. The effect on the phosphatase activity of the apoenzyme was investigated for six mutants of putative catalytic residues. Effects of mutation of His-496, Arg-490, Arg-360, Lys-353, and His-404 to alanine are in line with their proposed roles in nucleophilic attack, transition-state stabilization, and leaving-group protonation. Asp-292 is excluded as the group that protonates the leaving group. A model based on the mutagenesis studies is presented and may serve as a template for glucose-6-phosphatase and other related phosphatases. Hydrolysis of a phospho-histidine intermediate is the ratedetermining step in the phosphatase activity of apochloroperoxidase, as shown by burst kinetics. Vanadium haloperoxidases are enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of halides to their corresponding hypohalous acids at the expense of hydrogen peroxide.