Activation and employment support policies in OECD countries. An overview of current approaches

Herwig Immervoll, Stefano Scarpetta
2012 IZA Journal of Labor Policy  
This note examines the balance of activation strategies in OECD countries, where this type of policy approach has a long tradition. Countries share the objective of strengthening employment and reducing benefit dependency and vulnerability among the working-age population, but the balance of policy measures differs widely. While debates on the effectiveness of active labour market policies have tended to focus on individual policy measures, this paper emphasizes the links between policy areas.
more » ... ween policy areas. We argue that an effective policy strategy rests on a finely tuned balance between income support, work incentives, as well as mutual obligations and active labour market programmes. Jel codes: H31, H53, J08, J68 This paper discusses such strategies for activation and employment support in OECD ii. Address specific employment barriers on the labour-supply side by improving the capabilities of jobseekers and other policy "clients" (e.g., training and employment rehabilitation); and iii. Expand the set of earnings opportunities that are available and accessible to jobseekers and those with limited income from work (labour-market intermediation and programmes that support labour demand through wage subsidies or direct job creation).
doi:10.1186/2193-9004-1-9 fatcat:tezafqmn4bcjpiw7c74zrcucby