"A Feast in Time of Plague" by A.S. Pushkin in the Context of Russian and European Literary Traditions

Nikolay I. Nikolayev, Tatyana V. Shevcova
2015 Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences  
In the center of attention of the authors of this article is semantic discrepancies in the text of the tragedy of A. S. Pushkin "A Feast in Time of Plague" and dramatic poem of John Wilson's "The city of the Plague", which, admittedly, is a literary source of Pushkin's works. This topic long ago has attracted the attention of literary critics. The article raises the question of the conceptual differences of the two authors (Russian and English) in their submissions about the "death" and
more » ... "death" and "eternal life". For the characters of John Wilson's death is presented as a means of overcoming human suffering, inevitable within the boundaries of earthly life. Understanding of immortality is associated by them with the sense of freedom from the burden of earthly suffering. For A. S. Pushkin "eternal life" (immortality) is associated with the expectation of a personal meeting of loving people outside of death in the circumstances, free from the limitations and problems of their earthly life. An appeal to the texts of the literary predecessors of John Wilson and A. S. Pushkin -J. W. Goethe and N. M.Karamzin -in description of their ideas of "eternal life" allows us to speak about the non-randomness of Pushkin deviations from the text of the English original. According to the authors of the article in the texts of A. S. Pushkin and John Wilson are identified discrepancies, caused by the profound reasons of mental character. already was noticed in the article by I. L. Pankratov, and V. E. Halisev (Pankratova & Halisev, 1982) , in base on the semantic structures put episode of dialogue of the President and the Priest. However, it appears that the deep motives that made once A. S. Pushkin to depart from the text of John Wilson and to offer its literary version remain largely unclear. And this, we think, again actualizes the interest in the songs of Mary and Walsingham in version of Pushkin and in English original. Results and Discussions 3. Song of Mary Gray from a poem by John Wilson creates an atmosphere of painful loneliness of the girl in the middle of the deserted (extinct) from plague homeland. Only, in it is its emotional content. The desert, once populated by beloved souls, in which turns out to be Mary, creates a feeling of hopelessness. Emptiness surrounds her from the evening, when she visited her village, at night and in the morning when she woke up. Apparently, always will be so, and motionless clock hands on the bell tower seems to confirm this conjecture.
doi:10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n5s3p271 fatcat:ssftsywcmbbldkdnk2t2gtkufu