Patients with gout have short telomeres compared with healthy participants: association of telomere length with flare frequency and cardiovascular disease in gout
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Vazirpanah, N. et al. (2017) Patients with gout have short telomeres compared with healthy participants: association of telomere length with flare frequency and cardiovascular disease in gout. Abstract: Aim and background: Chronic inflammation associates with increased senescence, which is a strong predictor for cardiovascular disease. We hypothesised that inflammation accelerates senescence and thereby enhances the risk of cardiovascular disease in gout. Methods: We assessed replicative
... nce by quantifying telomere length (TL) in a discovery cohort of 145 Dutch patients with gout and 273 healthy individuals and validated our results in 474 patients with gout and 293 healthy participants from New-Zealand. Subsequently, we investigated the effect of cardiovascular disease on TL of all participants. Also, we measured TL of CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, monocytes, natural killer (NK) cells and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). Additionally, we assessed the potential temporal difference in TL and telomerase activity. Results: TL in PBMCs of healthy donors decreased over time reflecting normal ageing. Patients with gout demonstrated shorter telomeres (P=0.001, R 2 =0.01873). In fact, the extent of telomere erosion in patients with gout was higher at any age as compared to healthy counterparts at any age (P<0.0001, R 2 =0.02847). Patients with gout with cardiovascular disease had the shortest telomeres and TL was an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease in patients with gout (P=0.001). TL was inversely associated with the number of gouty flares (P=0.005). Conclusions: Patients with gout have shorter telomeres than healthy participants, reflecting increased cellular senescence. Telomere shortening was associated with the number of flares, and with cardiovascular disease in people with gout.