Cambios en el somatotipo relacionados al entrenamiento militar básico en cadetes mexicanos

Manuel Alejandro Rodríguez-Guiza, Catalina Martínez-Campos
2019 Revista de sanidad militar  
Este artículo puede ser consultado en versión completa en: www.medigraphic.com/sanidadmilitar Cambios en el somatotipo relacionados al entrenamiento militar básico en cadetes mexicanos ABSTRACT Introduction: Armed Forces exercise programs constitute a fundamental issue of military training. However, methods to evaluate the effect of an exercise intervention on body morphology are heterogeneous with irregular validations. In this study we considered the somatotype body parameters to evaluate the
more » ... ers to evaluate the effects on body composition of the basic military training in Mexican cadets. Material and methods: The somatotype of all cadets (n = 70) of new entry to Military School of Medicine of Mexico in 2008 was measured (men n = 31, women n = 39), before and after the Basic Military Training, with two months in length. Results: We found that training intervention in men, increased mesomorphy (p < 0.005) and decreased endomorphy (p < 0.05), with no statistically significant change in ectomorphy. The training did not yield any statistically significant change in the women somatotype parameters. Conclusions: Our results suggested that the use of somatotype parameters to evaluate changes in body measures due to training intervention is a reliable method. We discuss how the military physical training affects mexican cadets in a sex dependent manner.
doi:10.35366/sm193_4d fatcat:unidskdbevcjjopwhmoxowhwvm