Tertiary Gleason Pattern 5 and Oncological Outcomes after Radical Prostatectomy

K. Hashine, A. Yuasa, K. Shinomori, A. Shirato, I. Ninomiya, N. Teramoto
2011 Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology  
Objectives: This study examined the rate of Gleason pattern 5 and the influence of tertiary Gleason pattern 5 on oncological outcomes. Methods: Four hundred sixty-six patients underwent a radical prostatectomy between 1993 and 2008. Each surgical specimen was reviewed and assessed for the tumor diameter, Gleason score (which was based on the 2005 International Society of Urological Pathology Consensus Conference criteria) and the percentage of Gleason pattern 5. Results: The median patient age
more » ... as 68.0 years old and the median prostate-specific antigen level was 9.28 ng/ml. A tertiary Gleason pattern 5 was present in 24.2% of patients with a Gleason score of ,9; in 12.2% of patients with a Gleason score of 3 þ 4 and in 45.9% of patients with a Gleason score of 4 þ 3. A multivariate analysis showed that a tertiary Gleason pattern 5 was not independently associated with biochemical recurrence-free survival among patients in the Gleason score of 7 and 8 pN0 groups. One hundred eighty-seven patients had any rate of Gleason pattern 5 and significantly worse pathological factors, compared with patients who did not have this pattern. A multivariate analysis of all patients showed that the surgical margin, Gleason score, prostate-specific antigen level and pathological stage were all independent predictors of biochemical recurrence. However, the rate of Gleason pattern 5 was not an independent factor. Conclusions: Tertiary Gleason pattern 5 was not a significant predictive factor for biochemical recurrence. The rate of Gleason pattern 5 was associated with adverse pathological factors.
doi:10.1093/jjco/hyq250 pmid:21233105 fatcat:45k5bolk5zcxjctn2jmfyvji34