Spatial and temporal reasoning with granular computing and three way formal concept analysis

Angelo Gaeta, Vincenzo Loia, Francesco Orciuoli, Mimmo Parente
2020 Granular Computing  
This paper presents and evaluates a method to combine time-based granulation and three-way decisions to support decision makers in understanding and reasoning on the learned granular structures conceptualising spatio-temporal events. The method uses an existing approach to discover periodic events in the data, such as periods of intense traffic in a city, and provides an original approach to conceptualize such events to support decision makers in: (i) better comprehending the causes that lead
more » ... the repetition of such events and/or (ii) increasing the awareness of their effects and consequences. The formal concept analysis is the central tool of the proposed method. This tool is used as a guide in the phase of time-based granulation, which relies on the principle of justified granularity, and as a support for reasoning and making three-way decisions. The main contribution of the paper is an effective and simple method for time-based granulation of events, their observation, and interpretation to support decision making. The method is described with an illustrative example and evaluated on a real data set on forest fires, showing how to define a spatio-temporal DSS model to support decisions in environmental monitoring problems.
doi:10.1007/s41066-020-00232-4 fatcat:dpgqr6jv7fa3ddn22vu5bvlrwu