Comparison between radar and rain gauges data at different distances from radar and correlation existing between the rainfall values in the adjacent pixels
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions
Rainfall intensity data in pixels very far from radar are less correlated than values in pixels near the radar, because at far distances the width of a range-bin is comparable or bigger than the pixel width, so in a pixel there are one or just a few rainfall intensity values. Vice versa, near the radar, there are many radar resolution bins which belong to a single pixel, so great correlation between rainfall intensity values for contiguous pixels is expected. Moreover, the signal returned from
... recipitation at far distance from radar antenna can be due to a radar sample volume partially or completely filled with mixed phase or ice particles, or can be quite close to the minimum detectable signal. All these phenomena can influence the goodness of rainfall estimates, introducing errors which increase as the distance from radar increases. The objective of this work is to quantify these errors. For this aim is possible to compare the rainfall data obtained by rain gauges at different distances from radar with rainfall radar data at the same distances, verifying the correlation existing between the rainfall values in the adjacent pixels and how the difference between radar and rain gauges data changes. The radar data utilized in this work have been obtained from Polar 55C radar located in Rome Tor Vergata during 2008.