Compact folded dipole metasurface for high anomalous reflection angles with low harmonic levels

Nasim Al Islam, Sangjo Choi
2020 Scientific Reports  
A dense unit cell array used in a metasurface for a high reflection angle (θr > 50°) leads to high coupling among the unit cells; thus, parasitic reflections are unavoidable. The up-do-date patch-based metasurfaces for high reflection angles were electrically large (> 80 λ2), but for a practical point of view, a more compact metasurface design is needed. As a solution for these issues, we use the folded dipole-based unit cells with closed-loop currents for low near-field coupling and design
more » ... act metasurfaces (~ 40 λ2) for high reflection angles (θr = 56° and 70°) at 10 GHz. The folded dipole unit cells are arranged according to the recently developed non-linear phase boundary condition for low harmonic reflections. As a counterpart, we also designed a metasurface using conventional patch-shaped unit cells with the same reflection phases (θr = 70°). In experiments, the folded dipole metasurface shows lower harmonic levels (θr = 0° and − 70°) and a comparable anomalous reflection (θr = 70°) versus the patch-shaped metasurface. The time-domain analysis demonstrates that the low harmonic levels from the folded dipole metasurface are due to low scattering from the guided waves and the edge scattering. The proposed compact folded dipole-based metasurface with low undesired harmonics can be used as a practical reflect-array for millimeter-wave communication links.
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-75230-2 pmid:33093589 fatcat:ws2zziuubjb37epzx5hnlimr4u