Array sub-loops reader antenna for HF RFID tracking
2017 IEEE International Conference on RFID Technology & Application (RFID-TA)
this paper focuses on tracking and objects identification by means of High Frequency magnetic coupling RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification) at 13, 56 MHz. The coil of the used RFID tags corresponds to 1.9% of the reader coil surface (120x160 cm²). To increase the size ratio between the two coils, we proposed the use of multiple twisted loops antenna. The reader antenna is consequently divided into four sub-loops, corresponding to 8% of the surface of each one of the sub-loops area. According
... the principle of twisted loop antenna, the nearest sub-loops are feed by current in opposite phase (complementary loops principle), and. This structure creates a strength curvature of magnetic field lines between each two of them, improving the magnetic coupling for vertical magnetic dipoles. In contrast, the structure presents at its center a null of magnetic field intensity due to the symmetry. To avoid this inconvenient a resonator is added to the structure to broke the symmetry and modify the magnetic field distribution. Its positioning is studied to optimize RFID detection in different angular and lateral positioning of the tag. Simulations and measurements of the proposed design with and without resonator are presented in the different parts of this paper.