Short-Term Traffic-Flow Forecasting Based on an Integrated Model Combining Bagging and Stacking Considering Weight Coefficient

Zhaohui Li, Lin Wang, Deyao Wang, Ming Yin, Yujin Huang
2022 Electronics  
This work proposed an integrated model combining bagging and stacking considering the weight coefficient for short-time traffic-flow prediction, which incorporates vacation and peak time features, as well as occupancy and speed information, in order to improve prediction accuracy and accomplish deeper traffic flow data feature mining. To address the limitations of a single prediction model in traffic forecasting, a stacking model with ridge regression as the meta-learner is first established,
more » ... en the stacking model is optimized from the perspective of the learner using the bagging model, and lastly the optimized learner is embedded into the stacking model as the new base learner to obtain the Ba-stacking model. Finally, to address the Ba-stacking model's shortcomings in terms of low base learner utilization, the information structure of the base learners is modified by weighting the error coefficients while taking into account the model's external features, resulting in a DW-Ba-stacking model that can change the weights of the base learners to adjust the feature distribution and thus improve utilization. Using 76,896 data from the I5NB highway as the empirical study object, the DW-Ba-Stacking model is compared and assessed with the traditional model in this paper. The empirical results show that the DW-Ba-stacking model has the highest prediction accuracy, demonstrating that the model is successful in predicting short-term traffic flows and can effectively solve traffic-congestion problems.
doi:10.3390/electronics11091467 fatcat:t6ng27jnpragtiwhnjwdurc4dq