Induction of therapeutic T-cell immunity by tumor targeting with soluble recombinant B7-immunoglobulin costimulatory molecules
Tumor targeting with immunomodulatory molecules is an attractive strategy to enhance the host's antitumor response. Expression of CD80 (B7-1) and CD86 (B7-2) costimulatory molecules in tumor cells has proven to be an efficient way to enhance their immunogenicity. Here, we studied the effects of tumor targeting with biotinylated recombinant soluble B7-1- and B7-2 immunoglobulin G molecules (bio-B7-IgG) using a pretargeting approach based on the sequential use of a biotinylated antitumor
... antitumor monoclonal antibody and avidin. Mouse RMA T-lymphoma cells bearing either bio-B7-1-IgG or bio-B7-2-IgG on their surface prime in vitro naive CD8+ CTLs, which are highly effective in adoptive immunotherapy, and induce therapeutic immunity when injected in tumor-bearing animals. In vivo targeting of established RMA tumors with bio-B7-IgG either cures tumor-bearing mice or significantly prolongs their survival. The antitumor response induced by targeted bio-B7-IgG depends on both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. Moreover, tumor targeting with bio-B7-IgG in vivo is critical for both expansion in lymphoid organs and mobilization into the tumor of tumor-specific CD8+ CTLs. When targeting is performed on poorly immunogenic TS/A mammary adenocarcinoma, only bio-B7-1-IgG primes naive CTLs in vitro and cures or significantly prolongs the survival of tumor-bearing mice in vivo, confirming that the two costimulatory molecules are not redundant with this tumor. Altogether, these data suggest that tumor avidination and targeting with soluble bio-B7-IgG may represent a promising strategy to enhance the antitumor response in the host.