Array Configuration Effect on the Spatial Correlation of MU-MIMO Channels in NLoS Environments

N. Amani, A. Farsaei, U. Gustavsson, T. Eriksson, F. M. J. Willems, M. V. Ivashina, R. Maaskant
2020 2020 14th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP)   unpublished
In this paper, three different base-station antenna (BSA) configurations are compared in terms of inter-user spatial correlation in a two dimensional (2D) non-line-of-sight (NLoS) environment. The three configurations are: (i) a regular uniform linear array (ULA); (ii) a periodic sparse array; and (iii) an aperiodic sparse array. Electromagnetic modeling of the NLoS channel is proposed where scatterers are considered as resonant dipoles confined in clusters of scatterers (CoSs). While the
more » ... s). While the probability of facing highly correlated user-equipments (UEs) in a multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO) system is decreasing as the richness of mutipath increases, the sparsity (increased inter-element spacing) is seen to be capable of reducing this probability as well. This is due to the larger spatial variations experienced by the sparse array. Moreover, the results show that further improvement can be achieved by deploying an aperiodic distribution of antenna elements into the sparse antenna aperture. Index Terms-Multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MU-MIMO), non-line-of-sight (NLoS), sparse array, spatial correlation.
doi:10.23919/eucap48036.2020.9135446 fatcat:bue3fdlmvfcrpmqinf7kvjfdqm