A Surveillance Bacteriological Study of Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis in Thailand and the Clinical Responses to the Culture-directed Antibiotics

Sanguansak Thanaviratananich, Supinda Chusakul, Greetha Moungthong, Thongchai Luxameechanporn, Pongsakorn Tantilipikorn, Supranee Fooanant, Songklot Aeumjaturapat, Pipat Sribenjalux, Nadtaya Makachen, Seksun Chainansamit, Saisawat Chaiyasate, Chaweewan Bunnag
2015 Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet  
To examine: 1) types of bacteria and antimicrobial sensitivity of commonly used antibiotics for acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) in Thailand, 2) the effectiveness of using antibiotics according to antimicrobial sensitivity, and 3) the effectiveness of using antibiotics according to the Thai clinical practice guidelines (CPG) of ABRS. Descriptive & experimental studies were conducted in seven tertiary hospitals in Thailand. The specimens from maxillary sinuses were taken for bacterial
more » ... es either by maxillary sinus tap or endoscopically directed middle meatus swabs in patients with clinically diagnosed ABRS. Antimicrobial sensitivity was performed and antibiotics were prescribed according to the results of antimicrobial sensitivity or the Thai CPG of ABRS. A total of 113 patients were enrolled between August 2006 and April 2007, 104 cases of which were performed for bacteriological study. The incidence of bacterial growth was 60.6% (95% CI 51.0-69.4%). The most common bacteria was H. influenzae (25.0%, 95% CI 16.9-35.3%), followed by S. pneumoniae (14.3%, 95% CI 8.2-23.5%) and S. aureus (9.5%, 95% CI 4.7-17.9%), respectively, whilst M. catarrhalis was found only in 2.4% (95% CI 0.5-7.3%). Eight in 12 S. pneumoniae isolates were tested for the minimal inhibitory concentration of penicillin and found to be penicillin resistant strain in five specimens. Beta-lactamase producing H. influenzae was found in eight out of 20 isolates. H. influenzae had a tendency to be sensitive to amoxicillin/clavulanate, cefuroxime, cefpodoxime, azithromycin, clarithromycin, ofloxacin, levofloxacin and gatifloxacin, whilst S. pneumoniae had a tendency to be sensitive to amoxicillin/clavulanate, cefaclor ampicillin/sulbactam, cefuroxime, ofloxacin, levofloxacin, gatifloxacin, cefpodoxime, cefixime and cefdinir. The effectiveness of antibiotics prescription according to the Thai CPG of ABRS and antimicrobial sensitivity were comparable, 88.5% (95% CI 69.8-97.6%) and 82.2% (95% CI 67.9-92%), respectively. H. influenzae is found to be the most common bacteria in Thai ABRS, followed by S. pneumoniae and S. aureus. There is a high incidence of beta-lactamase producing H. influenzae and penicillin non-susceptible S. pneumoniae.
pmid:26742392 fatcat:5uutnyqd4zdjdkaesewgkq27r4