Heavy Metals and Arsenic Soil Contamination Resulting from Wastewater Sludge Urban Landfill Disposal
Polish Journal of Environmental Studies
Heavy metals, as the most common pollutants in sewage sludge, can be identified as the leading limiting factor determining the direction and nature of the biogeocenoses development. A significant part of heavy metals is included in soil-forming processes and absorbed by vegetation  . Leaching and migration of heavy metals in the soil are caused by differences of soils that cannot inactivate the leaching of heavy metals to different degrees, which makes it difficult to choose the soil that
... ld be most suitable for normalization purposes . With a radial distribution of heavy metals, the highest concentrations can be concentrated in the upper Pol. Abstract The purpose of the study is to assess the soil contamination of a sewage sludge landfill, bordering specially protected natural areas. The content of heavy metals and arsenic in the landfill soil was assessed based on national soil quality standards in terms of monitoring landfills for priority pollutants (Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni, As), and in comparison with background concentrations for sod-podzolic soils in the European part of Russia. Soil samples were taken at 9 observation points from depths of 5-20 cm. The concentrations of heavy metals and arsenic were studied through mass spectrometry with ionization in inductively coupled argon plasma and atomic absorption spectrometry. The results of the study showed a significant increase in Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in 2017 compared to 2011. The concentrations of As decreased slightly, but the concentration range remained stable. The concentrations of heavy metals and arsenic had the following maximum range: Cd 1083 >Cu 45 >Pb 16 >Zn 5 >Ni 4 >As 3 in comparison with background concentrations of these elements in the European part of Russia. In general, the degree of the landfill soil contamination can be described as dangerous and very dangerous according to national soil quality standards.