RESEARCH OF MACHINE LEARNING BASED METHODS FOR CYBERATTACKS DETECTION IN THE INTERNET OF THINGS INFRASTRUCTURE
Computer Systems and Information Technologies
The growing demand for IoT devices is accelerating the pace of their production. In an effort to accelerate the launch of a new device and reduce its cost, manufacturers often neglect to comply with cybersecurity requirements for these devices. The lack of security updates and transparency regarding the security status of IoT devices, as well as unsafe deployment on the Internet, makes IoT devices the target of cybercrime attacks. Quarterly reports from cybersecurity companies show a low level
... f security of the Internet of Things infrastructure. Considering the widespread use of IoT devices not only in the private sector but also in objects for various purposes, including critical infrastructure objects, the security of these devices and the IoT infrastructure becomes more important. Nowadays, there are many different methods of detecting cyberattacks on the Internet of Things infrastructure. Advantages of applying the machine-based methods in comparison with signature analysis are the higher detection accuracy and fewer false positive, the possibility of detecting both anomalies and new features of attacks. However, these methods also have certain disadvantages. Among them there is the need for additional hardware resources and lower data processing speeds. The paper presents an overview of modern methods aimed at detecting cyberattacks and anomalies in the Internet of Things using machine learning methods. The main disadvantages of the known methods are the inability to detect and adaptively respond to zero-day attacks and multi-vector attacks. The latter shortcoming is the most critical, as evidenced by the constantly increasing number of cyber attacks on the Internet of Things infrastructure. A common limitation for most known approaches is the need for significant computing resources and the significant response time of cyberattack detection systems.