The repeatability and validity of pulse wave velocity measured using phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging

S.S. Hickson, M. Butlin, M. Graves, I.B. Wilkinson, C.M. McEniery
2009 Artery Research  
Aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk. Phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PCMRI) is a recent technique that allows PWV to be measured along the entire aorta (aPWV MRI ), as well as in regions of interest. The aim of this study was to test the repeatability of PWV assessed by MRI, and to validate this against carotid-femoral PWV using the Vicorder device (PWV Vicorder ) measured simultaneously to aPWV MRI . Methods: 147 subjects aged 18-85
more » ... rs were recruited from the ACCT and ENIGMA Studies. All subjects were free of cardiovascular disease and medication. A PCMRI sequence (1.5T scanner, GE) was performed at two sites (1cm above the aortic valve, and 3cm above the aortic bifurcation) to determine aPWV MRI . Brachial supine blood pressure and PWV Vicorder were measured in the scanner simultaneous to image acquisition. Repeatability of PWV MRI was assessed across 2 visits, in a subset of 10 subjects. Results: PWV MRI showed good repeatability (mean difference Z -0.4AE2.1m/s). There was a strong correlation between aPWV MRI and PWV Vicorder (RZ0.64, P<0.001), although, overall, aPWV MRI was significantly lower than PWV Vicorder (5.7AE1.8 vs. 7.1AE1.4m/s, P<0.001). Conclusions: Measurements of PWV using PCMRI are reproducible and correlate with simultaneously measured carotid-femoral PWV.
doi:10.1016/j.artres.2009.10.162 fatcat:avpxj2sz7je6dpmgjloh5m2hm4