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Data extraction from engraved text is discussed rarely, and nothing in the open literature discusses data extraction from cemetery headstones. Headstone images present unique challenges such as engraved or embossed characters (causing inner-character shadows), low contrast with the background, and significant noise due to inconsistent stone texture and weathering. Current systems for extracting text from outdoor environments (billboards, signs, etc.) make assumptions (i.e. clean and/ordoi:10.1117/12.2007205 dblp:conf/drr/ChristiansenB13 fatcat:pho2q2vh4vav3crhjhyt5skwk4